How to sow wildflower seeds in your garden
- Choose a fine Spring or Autumn day when the soil is neither too wet nor too dry.
- Dig over the soil with a fork or spade and break up or put aside large clumps. Remove weeds so the wildflowers don't have any competition, and any large stones.
- Rake the soil so it's fine and crumbly - lumpy soil may bury seeds; if it's too hard, roots will be unable to penetrate the ground.
- Ideally, leave your prepared soil for about two weeks so any dormant weeds or grasses that come to life can be removed before you sow your seeds.
- Scatter your wildflower seeds over the soil by hand - a little at a time for an even spread. Top tip: to make spreading easier, mix seeds with a small amount of dry play sand or flour so you can see where you've sown them.
- Rake the soil again - gently - to just cover the seeds with a very thin layer (1mm) of fine crumbly soil. Seeds need sunlight, so be careful not to bury them or they won't grow.
- Very gently, water the whole area using a watering can, taking care not to wash your seeds away.
- Label the area with a plant marker. Don't forget to include the sowing date.
How to sow wildflower seeds in a container
- Check your container has a few holes in the base to let water gradually drain out. Otherwise, use a drill or sharp instrument to add holes, taking care not to hurt yourself.
- Add a few stones or broken crockery to the bottom to help drainage.
- Move your container to your chosen space before filling it; an empty container is much easier to move than a full one.
- Fill the container with top soil if possible, or use multipurpose compost. The compost doesn’t need to be the most expensive, but for environmental reasons please avoid any that contain peat.
- As you fill the container, gently push down the soil or compost to break up any lumps and get rid of large air pockets. Stop filling 25mm from the top to allow room for watering.
- Sprinkle seeds by hand evenly over the surface and cover with 1mm of soil or compost.
- Water well.
- Label the container with a plant marker.